THE MUSEUM CITY
Trinidad is located in the central region of Cuba, specifically in the south of the province of Sancti Spíritus, and is the capital of the municipality of the same name.
The Villa de la Sagrada Trinidad was the third villa founded by the Spanish Crown in Cuba, in the beginning of 1514. It was founded with the presence of the Adelantado Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar, and was evolving rapidly, which made it possible to be one of the most prosperous of the greater Antilles.
Trinidad has celebrated 500 years in 2014, accompanied by the Afro-Cuban touch, an inheritance of the slaves who once worked on sugarcane crops. This tiny Cuban city lies between the tropical zone of the Escambray mountain range and the Caribbean Sea. It is one of the patrimonial treasures of the world with its thousands of colors and attractive architecture, resulting from its boom with the sugar trade in the nineteenth century. As a space detained in time, it shows an incredible aesthetic wealth: from neo-mudejar and neo-classical style ceilings to French porcelain and Carrara marble floors.
The conservation and restoration work undertaken by specialists in this area of south central Cuba, and the love professed by its inhabitants for their city, made it one of the best preserved colonial cities not only in Cuba but also in America, Inscribed in the World Heritage List by Unesco next to the Valle de los Ingenios in 1988, an area where the sugar industry prospered with the arrival of the Iznaga, Borrell and Brunet families towards the middle of the 19th century.
This sugar production, which enriched the owners of these sugar mills, gave rise to both houses and palaces in Trinidad and in the Valley, which today are the pride of Cuban culture. The date of its foundation is celebrated every year with a Week of the Trinitarian Culture; In January 2009 was celebrated the 495 birthday of the city.
Places of interest
Guamuhaya Archaeological Museum: founded on May 15, 1976 shows in eight permanent rooms objects belonging to the Aboriginal communities living in the south-central region of Cuba during the pre-Columbian period, as well as some valuable articles from the colonial period, the city and the nearby valleys. It is located in the old Casa de Padrón.
Romantic Museum: recreates in its fourteen rooms the atmosphere of a typical Trinidadian colonial residence from the years 1830-1860 with a display of furniture and decorative arts from the 18th and 19th centuries.
Museum of Colonial Architecture: it has seven exhibition halls and is located in the old house of the wealthy family Sánchez, shows the architectural development of the city over the centuries.
Casa de la Trova de Trinidad is a meeting place for the younger generations and the not so young, it is housed in a building from 1777 which has been restored for popular enjoyment, where regular concerts are held.
Museum of History: it is located in the old Palace Cantero, whose former owner was Don Jose Mariano Borrell and Padrón a local landowner, later inherited by Don Jose Mariano Borrell and Lemus and in 1841 sold to the widow of Iznaga, Dona Maria del Monserrate Fernández de Lara and Borrell, which married in seconds with Don Justo German Cantero, name by which the palace is known. This beautiful museum displays pieces and historical documents of the Trinitarian village.
Traditional celebration that is celebrated among the population, takes place on February 2 in the town of Condado, is of Canarian origin and based on the Catholic faith. Its celebration consists of a large fair where products of all kinds are offered: artisan, industrial, food, drinks. There are processions, collective baptisms, private parties, games of chance, and cockfights, which are currently prohibited; also on December 17 is the Day of San Lazaro where all Cuba will fulfill its promises, intertwined the latter in the syncretism that is practiced throughout the island, fruit of the union between the Christian saints and the Yoruba pantheon.
This feast is held on February 3 in the town of Caracusey with the same background and characteristics as La Fiesta de la Candelaria.
The Cross of May
Celebrated in the community of San Pedro del Palmarejo, it is based on the ancient myth that if the saint was taken to the streets in procession, the drought would end and the rains would begin. It has the characteristics of the Cuban peasant festivals with plenty of food and rum in abundance.
San Juan (carnival)
These are the most popular festivals and most celebrated in Trinidad. It has origin in the Mother Country.
In Trinidad the Carnestolendos or Triduo days were celebrated in the month of February, this changed for problems in the harvest and it was decided to pass it to June. On May 30 is celebrated the San Fernando, a kind of Antillean Halloween where everyone disguises themselves. Between the 12 and the 21 of June are celebrated the celebrations of San Antonio from 1820 the sanjuaneras celebrations were officially inside the period comprised of the 30 of May to the 30 of June, but some settlers extend their celebrations until the Santiago and Santa Ana July 25 and 26.
May 30: Costumes, dances and presentation of the aspirants to Reina and Damas (currently Stars and Lights)
June 12: Procession of the town hall of San Antonio to the Church of San Francisco de Paula to leave the image there all night (currently tap in the town hall eve of the Patron Saint).
June 13: Procession to the town hall to begin the touch until the 21st. During the whole day, departure of the snake through the different neighborhoods of the city. At the moment realization of the novenario of the cabildo.
June 20-22: Dance to offer the results of the counting or election result of the Queen and her Ladies.
June 24, St. John’s Day: Coronation Ceremony of the Queen and the Ladies, during those days there were parades of floats and crews, creole houses, competitions, games, costumes, etc., including the different competitions.
June 29, St. Peter’s Day: Contests of floats, costumes, disguises, amazons, artistic floats, masks, riders and dances. The different animation groups were walking the streets during the day.
Nowadays a sanjuanera season is developed that begins on May 30 (San Fernando day) and extends until June 6 that culminates with the cookie dance.